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Body Typing Diet has nothing to do with Nutritional intake

POSTED ON September 17th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
LEAN Man System, weightloss, Dr Gary Mendoza, mens health, diet, nutrition

Body Type Diet

Body typing at best is pseudo-science and linking it with diet and nutritional intake is not based on any solid scientific evidence. About the only link there is between body type and nutrition is if you eat too many calories you’ll end up fat and that is where the facts stop. To claim that a certain body type should eat certain foods is ridiculous. Supporters of this diet misrepresent the research in a vain attempt to make it sound scientific and plausible.

The founder of the idea of body typing was Sheldon. His early Studies in 1940 and 1954 defined the process of somatotyping. Somatotyping is determined by the quantification of three embryonic components which Sheldon classified as endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm1. Following on from this work Sheldon then developed a labelling system of mixed types with three numbers that vary 1-7, the size of which speaks of the presence of each of the three basic characteristics of the type; a characteristic of one being no link and seven being completely that particular characteristic. Further work by Sheldon stated that the 4-4-4 somatotype is not changed by eating, or any other habits to 4-4-3, but there are only thick or thin 4-4-4 (person pure mixed type). Nowadays, most authors recognize the variability of somatotype2.

Sheldon's methodology and theories have been extensively criticized and largely discredited3,4. In fact Sheldon has been accused of being sexist, a racist, and also carrying out unethical research. Recently, the most relevant choice for defining somatotype is the process by Carter & Heath5, they listed recommendations and formulas for identification of the three main morphological types, but also defined intermediate types based on the results obtained by application of the formulas. Although the Heath-Carter somatotyping model has been used for a number of years worldwide, authors now believe that the model of the "Zagreb School“ with 24 anthropometric measures that are designed to detect latent dimensions is far more efficient and better provides usable data for further analysis2.

This potted history shows how reliable somatotyping is but most importantly highlights that it is very unusual to find someone who is exactly one body type. But this is what body typing is claiming. The following is a direct quote from a body typing website:

“Your body type can also provide information about how you respond to food intake and about your hormonal and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) characteristics. Physique characteristics can thus be linked to metabolic differences between individuals. Once someone establishes their body type, they can then adjust nutrient intake to maximize body composition and health related goals”.

The evidence for the body type diet?

Given that your body type is a mixture of all variants it is hard to understand how the above statement can be applied sensibly. If you look at the evidence provided by the body type diet guru’s most has nothing to do with body type so they are just misrepresenting the scientific evidence. The study by Kahn et al6 found that body fat deposited centrally increases modulation of islet Beta-cell function. So central fat is associated with insulin action but there is no mention of somatotyping. The Semiz study7 had 51 Obese & 31 non-obese children so not an adult population and in a very obscure journal. Again this just looked at body fat distribution and found no significance, but again this was not a study of body typing and nutrition. The Koska study8 investigated Pima indians who are a very different group to most populations. This looked at adipose tissue and centrally deposited fat, but not body types.

I could go on quoting studies here and all of the above are taken from a body typing diet website. But basically none of them are direct studies of somatotyping and none of them make a link with a certain type of diet and a certain body type. These types of diets try to dress up their programmes so it looks like they are based on solid scientific fact. They rely on the fact that people will not bother to check out the validity of the scientific evidence they have provided. As I have shown here, very often this is completely misrepresented and not relevant to the diet and doesn’t support the programme in any way.

So the next time someone suggests that you use the body type diet you can tell them “no thanks, I know I am this shape because I consumed too many calories”.


  1. International Journal of Morphology. 32(1):112-118, 2014
  2. Sport Science. 6 (1): 104‐ 2013.
  3. 45 (4): 805–33, 2008
  4. Evolutionary Psychology. 6(3): 369–85. 2008
  5. International Journal of Morphology. 32(1):112-118, 2014
  6. Kahn SE, et al. Obesity, body fat distribution, insulin sensitivity and islet beta-cell function as explanations for metabolic diversity. Journal of Nutrition. 131:354S-360S. 2001.
  7. Semiz S, et al. Body fat distribution in childhood obesity: association with metabolic risk factors. Indian Pediatrics. 5:457-462. 2008
  8. Koska J, et al. Distribution of subcutaneous fat predicts insulin action in obesity in sex-specific manner. Obesity. 16:2003-2009. 2008

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Drugs are not the answer to weight loss

POSTED ON August 18th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
Dr Gary Mendoza, LAN Man System, diet, nutrition, mens health

Weight Loss Drugs are not the answer

A team of doctors from Austin Hospital in Melbourne have found that a combination of two drugs can cause weight loss in severely obese patients. The two drugs in question are the appetite suppressant phentermine and the epilepsy drug topiramate. What is worrying is that they state that patients can be prescribed this concoction “but only if they can tolerate side-effects including depression, heart palpitations and insomnia”. I know people will argue that ‘if it gets people started with weight loss that is fine’ but we’ve been down this route before, and it wasn’t fine.

Weight loss drugs and safety?

Years ago we had fenfluramine and phentermine or as it was known at the time ‘Fen-Phen’ this caused strokes and heart attacks and actually killed a number of people before it was withdrawn. At the time it was hailed as the wonder cure and a lot of the problems were initially covered up. We surely do not need to go down this route again. The new combination appears to have a number of similar side effects, namely: depression, heart palpitations and insomnia. What is more, subjects in the study also reported tingling, burning or prickling skin sensations and headaches. It might initially be solving one problem but it seems to me it is introducing a whole group of new problems. People who are obese often suffer with depression and mood swings that cause their over-eating so this can’t be a positive. The other issue that doesn’t appear to be addressed is this type of weight loss is not a lifestyle change. It was the individual’s lifestyle that caused them to gain the weight in the first place. Weight loss that doesn’t address the root cause seems a bit pointless as you are setting someone up for ultimate failure.

We are investing research money into drugs that seem to produce as many issues as they solve and that ultimately are not a long-term answer. Obesity surgery is costly and is not even feasible to offer to most people. Surely a lot more effort should be spent researching how to achieve long-term lifestyle changes to a produce weight loss and furthermore how to prevent people gaining weight in the first place. Medical researchers are so blinkered by a culture that dictates pills and potions are the answer that the obvious answer is often overlooked; this is partly because you can’t sell lifestyle change to the pharmacology industry. What is more the pharmacology industry won’t sponsor this type of research as they would be out of business.

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Weight Loss – should I exercise, diet or what?

POSTED ON July 17th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
weight loss, diet, mens health, LEAN Man System, nutrition, Dr Gary Mendoza

Should I diet or should I exercise for weight loss?

Weight loss is complex and multi-factorial. So exactly what is the best way to reduce your body fat; because although we talk about weight loss we really mean fat loss? A recent study in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2014) 68, 581–586 found that we have an adaptive metabolic response to exercise induced weight loss. However a meta-analysis recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Journal (JAMA) found that lack of exercise was strongly correlated to obesity. So these two studies seem to contradict each other.

Weight loss is complex

What these two studies clearly demonstrate is that weight loss is very complex and is not simply a case of improving your diet and exercising a bit more. The European Journal study concludes “that the adaptive metabolic response to exercise influences both physiological and behavioural components of energy balance”. This study found that people who experienced a down regulation of their resting energy expenditure (REE) as they reduced their weight also experienced and up-regulation in their energy intake. The thing about this study is that not everybody experienced this down regulation. So based on this it is hard to say whether exercise helps or hinders weight loss. Now the JAMA study found a strong correlation between lack of exercise and obesity but correlation doesn’t equal causation. There is a good chance that obese individuals are already quite sedentary and as they put on more weight activity becomes more difficult. So what is the answer, because you can find research to support the ‘diet only’ advocates as well as the ‘exercise is everything’ advocates’?

The bottom line is that answer most probably is somewhere in the middle. Exercise alone is not going to produce a large change is fat stores, especially if there is no change or even an increase in energy intake because of the increased exercise. Diet alone may be slightly more effective providing there is an energy deficit but again, too much of a deficit seems to cause metabolic adaptions; namely the REE reduces. My doctoral research has found that an increase in activity/exercise coupled with moderate reduction in energy intake seems to be optimal. This study has been repeated in New Zealand and I have used it successfully since with numerous clients.

So stop looking for miracle diets or magical fat burning exercises. Instead make some small adjustments to your everyday diet and build in some extra periods of activity. This doesn’t have to be formal exercise it can just be walking a bit more, using the stairs more often etc. If you like and most importantly enjoy exercise then include a bit more of this. Be aware of what you are eating (get properly educated about your own nutrition) and in the long-term you will see slow but steady progress. Quick fixes are not the answer and generally lead to equally quick regains in weight. Slow and steady lifestyle change is the key to long-term successful weight loss and most importantly, weight maintenance.

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New Guidelines on Weight Loss

POSTED ON May 28th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
weight loss, diet, LEAN Man System, Dr Gary Mendoza, nutrition, mens health, overweight

New Guidelines on Weight Loss don't make sense.

The new weight loss guidelines produced by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) appear to be something of a contradiction. There is consideration of lifestyle change with which I would whole heartedly agree. Then in the same guidelines they want people sent to slimming classes with the aim of achieving a 3% weight loss. Slimming classes are not a lifestyle change with some using a points system others using sins. They do nothing much in terms of educating you about nutrition and the whole focus is on weight loss and not fat loss.

Lifestyle change for weight loss

Prof Mike Kelly, the director of the centre for public health at NICE, said the guidelines were about lifelong change rather than yo-yo dieting, when the weight is piled back on after initial success. How is counting points, sins or calories a lifelong change? You are not equipping people to make a lifestyle change by putting them into a commercial weight loss programme. These programmes are designed for one thing and that is weight loss. You are not learning new skills such as how to shop sensibly or read a food label; what to do at times when you are tempted to eat unhealthily, how to plan for occasions when you may be tempted to eat and drink unhealthily. This is what these people’s lifestyles consist of and if you add a lack of activity into the equation some commercial weight loss programmes just pay lip service to activity and exercise. The people who tend to run the individual groups are not qualified nutritionists or exercise professionals. In fact sometimes their only skill appears to be weight loss themselves; in other words they lost weight doing this particular programme. Hardly a required skill when it comes to facilitating lifestyle change.

The final point I’d make about these recommendations is that they are still focussing on weight loss, when what we actually need is fat loss. All the time we keep the focus on weight loss you leave the window open for every FAD diet on the market. Most FAD diets achieve quick weight loss and this is what makes them popular. If we could shift the focus to fat loss suddenly FAD diets don’t have half their usual appeal. I just wonder at what point the government and NHS will wake up to the fact that lifestyle change is not really about weight loss. It’s more about the types of food available to the public and what the public’s understanding of healthy eating really is. To that end they have to start taking the food industry to task and also creating an environment where activity is a priority. This means access for car’s and ease of driving becomes secondary to an environment that’s safe to walk in and also to ride a bike. If you would like more information on nutrition and weight loss why not sign up for the FREE seven video series by completing the simple form provided below?

Distractions Don’t Help you Lose Weight

POSTED ON May 20th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
diet, weight loss, Dr Gary Mendoza, LEAN Man System, mens health, nutrition

Mindful Eating will help you lose weight

Anyone that has tried to lose weight knows that it is far easier to put weight on than it is to get weight off. That 400kcal chocolate bar lasts a few minutes in your mouth before the pleasure it gives you subsides. If you now want to burn these kcal’s off using exercise you are looking at a good hours intense work. This hardly seems like a fair equation but that is the way it works unfortunately. Clearly then the trick to stopping weight gain is to not consume as many calories in the first place, but that is not so easy.

Lose weight by applying mindful eating

A lot of my clients forget foods that they have eaten when they keep food diaries for me. To this end I tell them to keep a scrap of paper on them or use their smart phone to record anything they put in their mouth. The first few weeks of this close self-monitoring is often an eye-opener to them as they don’t realise half the things they eat. This has become known as mindless consumption and trying to recall what you’ve eaten later in the day doesn’t work with this type of eating. One reason this happens is that the hunger cues in the body are far more powerful than you satiety cues, the signals that tell you that you’ve eaten enough. There is a reason for this as it goes back to our early ancestors who had periods of plenty and periods of famine. When there was plenty of food it was advantageous to be able to consume more to build up stores for the famine. In modern society the famine never comes and so instead we have an obesity epidemic.

In order to conquer this overeating issue we need to become mindful of what we are eating. If you want to lose weight then self-monitoring is important. This form of self-monitoring starts with where you consume food. Try to sit at the table in a peaceful environment and eat slowly. Sitting in front of the television doesn’t help weight loss in fact it will lead to weight gain. Your brain is processing visual and audio cues from the TV and so it doesn’t register your eating cues so promptly. Research shows that not only do people overeat when watching the TV; very often they do not remember what they have eaten. This is just one example of mindless eating and I am sure if you look at your own lifestyle you can find other examples through your day. Weight loss requires mindful eating, you need to be aware of what is going in your mouth and most importantly you need to be aware of when you have eaten enough. Do not be afraid to leave something on your plate; in fact view this as a positive step in your weight loss battle. Learning when to stop eating is a skill we need if we are going to control our calorie intake. As a starting point on your weight loss journey get into the habit of always leaving something on your plate. At the start this will feel quite odd, in fact you may be quite uncomfortable with it. Over time you will grow accustomed to this habit and start to better control your intake.

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Behaviour Change for Weight Loss

POSTED ON May 16th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
weight loss, diet, nutrition, mens health, Dr Gary Mendoza, LEAN Man System

Behaviour Change in Weight Loss

There are many diet programmes that all claim to be the final answer when it comes to weight loss. They all claim to be easy to do and that you can eat what you like and the weight will fall off. The truth of the matter is that they are all doomed to failure. Even if these promises were possible (they’re not, by the way) they are all missing a key element, namely that of behaviour change. The seven step diagram on the right shows the stages you need to progress through to successfully make a permanent change to your behaviour and subsequently lose weight.

Weight Loss needs Lifestyle Change

When I work with clients on the LEAN Man System my mantra is always the same “it is your lifestyle that got you fat and only changing that lifestyle will get you thin again”. My doctoral research highlighted that if you are not ready to change your lifestyle you will not lose weight, or if you do, you will not keep it off. The first couple of steps in this diagram will be familiar to most people who have tried to lose weight. You may even be at this stage at the moment. The problem arises when you try to move to the next stages. You may think “you can” and if it is the latest diet FAD you might think you now have the skills so you will be optimistic. The next stage is where you WILL come unstuck as initially it will be easy but then slowly your lifestyle will get in the way and bit by bit the diet will unravel. If you doubt this to be true look back at all your past attempts to lose weight. The very fact that there have been other attempts is all the evidence I need. If you had managed to change your lifestyle there wouldn’t be any need for further attempts. The only way you can successfully move through each of the seven steps and permanently achieve weight loss is to make a change to your lifestyle. You want to get to “reinforcement” where you can say “well done” to yourself. The LEAN Man System is designed to achieve this through education and support. I do however put a strong emphasis on the fact that only you can achieve a lifestyle change. I can help facilitate a change but ultimately it is down to you. I’m not going to kid you that it will be easy or that you will lose weight quickly, neither is that likely. A unique aspect of the LEAN Man System is the fact that your psychological readiness is measured throughout the programme. From this I can measure if you are on the right track and most importantly help you out when things get a bit tough.

So next time you are tempted to try a new FAD diet ask yourself does it contain the three cornerstones required for successful weight loss and most importantly weight loss maintenance. It must have behavioural change as a key step, you will need nutrition education and support and finally how is activity/exercise incorporated into the programme? If the diet programme does not address all three of these aspects I will confidently predict that even if you do lose some weight you will eventually put it all back on again and perhaps even a bit more on top. If you would like further weight loss and nutrition tips why not complete the simple form provided below and receive seven FREE  videos.

Men’s Weight Loss – What are you on about?

POSTED ON May 4th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
weight loss, diet, Dr Gary Mendoza, LEAN Man System, nutrition, mens health

Men and Weight Loss?

Weight loss and men are not words you find together too often. There is good reason for this as men do not worry about their weight anywhere near as much as women do. You can view this as a good thing or bad but if you want to help men lose weight then you had better be aware of this fact.

Weight Loss for Men

When I first decided to embark on researching the treatment of male overweight and obesity I thought it was a really good idea. I’d looked at the scientific literature and the amount of studies looking at weight loss that had male subjects were few and far between. I thought this was great as my PhD had to contribute to current scientific knowledge I would have no trouble finding something interesting by researching this group. I soon came to realise that there was a pretty good reason why there was limited research on male subjects. The simple fact of the matter is that men are a nightmare to recruit for weight loss research. Had I advertised for women to take part in weight loss trials I would have needed an assistant to sift through the applications. With men however I had to work long and hard to get them to participate.

The literature explains why to some degree. Men do not recognise they have a weight problem until they are at least a few kilograms past a healthy BMI. Men are also notorious for avoiding anything that has connections to their health; ask any GP. What is more, men almost view having a large stomach as a badge of honour. How often have you heard a man refer to his beer gut as “all paid for you know”; could you imagine a woman doing this? So how do you go about recruiting men to a weight loss programme?

Well first off do not talk about diets, men view the word diet with suspicion as they think it has connotations of having to give things up and going hungry. Next talk about productivity or strength or ability to perform better, this can be at work it could even be sexually. Get them to think about being able to play with their kids in a few years’ time. Whatever recruiting idea you use do not over labour health benefits or things like looking or feeling better. These have little appeal to most men and are a stronger pull for women. One of the main reasons the major commercial slimming organisations have failed to recruit men is that they have taken a successful female model and tried to apply it to men; it has fallen flat on its face.

The LEAN Man System has been designed specifically with men in mind and contains many elements that are geared specifically for men. Ironically you can apply this model to women and it works really well. You only have to look at the testimonials on my website. So it appears that weight loss models that are designed for women don’t work with men but when you reverse the process, male weight loss models used with women, it seems to work.

The challenge is how to recruit men as this group really need help, even if they don’t admit it. It is a market that is very much ignored and yet the right programme could possibly reap huge dividends. IF you would like further weight loss and nutrition tips, why don’t you sign up for the FREE seven video series by completing the simple form on the home page?

How to avoid a Weight Loss Relapse

POSTED ON April 29th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
weight loss, diet, mens health, LEAN Man System, nutrition, Dr Gary Mendoza

How to avoid the inevitable weight loss relapse

I’m sure that when anyone starts out on a weight loss or fitness programme they are very confident that they will succeed. My research showed that a person’s level of efficacy is often very high when they start on a weight loss journey. However what is also a cast iron certainty is that at some point on this journey your level of confidence will diminish.

Keeping on track with your weight loss programme

There are a number of things you can do to avoid the relapse and the inevitable dip in confidence that will happen. If you are reading this having just started on your weight loss journey you will currently be saying “this is all well and good but it won’t happen to me”. I am telling you now it will because all the data we have on behavioural change demonstrates that relapse is an important aspect of behaviour change. We actually learn from each relapse so we hopefully don’t make the same mistakes twice. The exception to this seems to be faddy weight loss diets. People will try diet after diet without thinking to themselves I wonder why none of these have worked. On the Leanmansystem there are plenty of mechanisms in place to help clients manage the inevitable relapse.

Support is important

I want to consider your support mechanism in this article. I have recently started working with a client who has done brilliantly on the LEAN System and achieved all her goals. However she recently had a hen party weekend and this seems to have thrown her off track. What is more she was struggling to get back on the horse (so to speak). I have spent some time talking to her and I am now going to work with her regularly to ensure she achieves her goals. She is a very successful business woman so clearly doesn’t lack motivation but she needs support with her lifestyle changes. No matter how strong a person you think you are we all need a bit of support. The LEAN Man System provides one support mechanism, namely regular input from me. However I prefer clients to set up other support mechanisms on top of this. If the client is married it is a good idea to get the partner involved as this will help the weight loss programme. An unsupportive partner can undermine an individual’s efforts to the point where they become totally derailed. With male clients I try to get them to involve close friends. Men are sometimes a bit resistant to this but my research has again highlighted peer support is very important. In fact getting a small group of men (note I say small – men don’t like big groups) together on the LEAN Man System works very well. Not only will they support each other but men are also naturally competitive so this works in their favour during the course of the programme.

So before you embark on your next weight loss journey make sure you have good and reliable support mechanisms in place. As an aside - if you have decided to make lifestyle changes this should actually be your last weight loss journey. The LEAN Man System is all about lifestyle change and I am that confident that this works I am now offering a weight loss guarantee. I am willing to do this as my research supports the fact that this system works everytime. If you would like further FREE nutrition and weight loss tips just sign up for the FREE seven video series by completing the simple form below.

Walking for Weight Loss

POSTED ON April 24th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss
Weight loss, diet, Dr Gary Mendoza, LEAN Man System, nutrition, mens health

Walking for Weight Loss

Walking is often overlooked when people are trying to lose weight but my research has demonstrated that this is a really effective component of a weight loss programme. What is more it doesn’t cost anything and you can do it any time you like.

Weight Loss Targets

Everybody who wants to lose weight sets themselves a weight loss goal. When you are setting this goal I also suggest you should set yourself a daily walking target. Start with aiming for 10,000 steps a day, this will take you approximately an hour and a quarter to complete (dependent on your walking pace). You do not need to do this all in one go. One of the biggest barriers that is often quoted in weight loss programmes tends to be “I don’t have time”. Well with walking this reason doesn’t stand up. You can break your walking down into ten minute chunks at the start so you would need about seven of eight blocks in a day. What is more, you don’t need to get changed or do any preparation, just get out and do ten minutes. As you get fitter you may want to get more adventurous and so then a good pair of walking boots or trainers will be helpful. Also you might want to invest in some light weight waterproofs. Once you have these there is absolutely no excuse not to get out and walk, regardless of where you are. If you travel a lot this amount of kit weighs nothing so you always can fit a walk in. Running a business can be stressful but a quick ten minute walk to clear your head and do a bit of thinking with no interruptions can work wonders. Not only can this reduce your stress levels but it may also give you some inspiration. As your weight loss progresses and you are getting fitter you will also be more productive at work so it’s a win-win all round.

Everyone needs motivating at some point in a weight loss programme so monitoring your walking is a great way to do this. Either use an app on a smartphone (mapmywalk for example) or a purpose built gadget like FitBit. These will monitor your steps and you can upload the data to a website. You can perhaps compete with someone to see who’s completing the most steps or share your achievements with someone you trust. By doing this you will want to make sure you are hitting your targets on a daily basis. Once you are regularly hitting 10,000 steps a day up your goal by 5%, always continue to challenge yourself.

You could include formal exercise but in my research all the men that lost weight achieved this through getting more active (walking regularly) and improving their dietary intake. No one followed a diet plan they were just educated about healthy eating and made some small adjustments over the course of the study. It is this type of lifestyle adjustment and increased activity that the LEAN Man System is based on. This is not a quick fix by any stretch of the imagination but what it does demonstrate is that you don’t need to join a gym to lose weight and get healthy and you don’t need a FAD diet to achieve sustainable weight loss.

If you would like further nutrition and weight loss ideas why not sign up for the FREE seven video series by completing the simple form below.

Yet Another Quick Fix Weight Loss Diet?

POSTED ON April 15th, 2014  - POSTED IN Weight Loss

weight loss, Dr Gary Mendoza, LEAN Man System, diet, nutrition, mens health

Yet another FAD weight loss diet claiming to have the magic solution

So yet again the Daily Mail is offering the latest quick fix weight loss diet. This time the book is written by a nutritionist (Fiona Kirk) claiming to have read all the latest research. When I say “nutritionist” she is not a registered nutritionist and her qualification is from the institute of optimum nutrition. A registered nutritionist (RNutr) wouldn’t make such claims.

Weight loss from fat, the facts

Fiona Kirk claims that you can lose between eight to twelve pounds of fat in two weeks. As this is physiologically not possible I am guessing she uses a tube attached to her hoover to suck it out? Sorry for being sceptical but I have heard it a million times. You can reduce body fat by approximately one to two pounds a week. Perhaps a little bit more if you are morbidly obese. She claims this is all based on various super foods that are proven to burn fat. There are two points about these claims; a comprehensive knowledge of lipid (fat) metabolism would have informed this nutritionist (I use the term very loosely here) that this is not possible. But then this qualification wouldn’t go into that much scientific detail. Next, any scientist will tell you that in science nothing is “proven”. You can demonstrate or show but you cannot prove; this is because just around the corner the next discovery may completely blow your hypothesis out of the water. In fact that is exactly what science is about, testing and re-testing people’s research and coming up with new hypotheses, so nothing is ever proven.

Weight loss is about lifestyle change

This book contains all the usual super foods with claims about their various fat burning properties. Research may well have shown that each of these foods has some type of metabolic property which may be advantageous to lipid metabolism. These studies are often conducted on small groups of subjects often using very unique dietary combinations. Does this reflect your everyday diet and lifestyle, I very much doubt it? You need to stop kidding yourself that there is a quick fix and start adjusting your lifestyle. It is only a permanent lifestyle change that will give you the body and health you desire in the long term. You have to remember it is your lifestyle that got you fat and only changing that lifestyle will get you thin again.

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